Liberty Review

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Declining Willingness to Fight for One’s Country: The Individual-Level Basis of the Long Peace

 RONALD F. INGLEHART, BI PURANEN, CHRISTIAN WELZEL
JOURNAL OF PEACE RESEARCH 52.4 (2015): 418-434

Abstract: The Democratic Peace thesis suggests that the absence of war between major powers since 1945 is caused by the spread of democracy. The Capitalist Peace thesis emphasizes trade and the rise of knowledge economies as the forces driving peace. Complementing these interpretations, we present empirical evidence of a cultural change that is making peace more desirable to the publics of most societies around the world. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Politics, Society

The Unifying Moral Dyad. Liberals and Conservatives Share the Same Harm-Based Moral Template

CHELSEA SCHEIN, KURT GRAY
PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN 41.8 (2015): 1147-1163

Abstract: Do moral disagreements regarding specific issues (e.g., patriotism, chastity) reflect deep cognitive differences (i.e., distinct cognitive mechanisms) between liberals and conservatives? Dyadic morality suggests that the answer is “no.” Despite moral diversity, we reveal that moral cognition—in both liberals and conservatives—is rooted in a harm-based template. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Politics, Society

Ian Carter’s Non-Evaluative Theory of Freedom and Diversity: A Critique

RONEN SHNAYDERMAN
SOCIAL CHOICE AND WELFARE (2015). ADVANCED ONLINE PUBLICATION. DOI 10.1007/s00355-015-0902-7

Abstract: In recent decades there has been a growing interest in the issue of overall freedom-measurement. Consequently, two competing approaches to this issue have emerged: an evaluative approach and an empirical (non-evaluative) approach. Advocates of both approaches agree that one of the most important challenges that they have to meet consists in accommodating the judgement that, all other things being equal, the more diverse a set of freedom is, the more overall freedom it offers us. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Philosophy

Immigration and Self-Determination

BAS VAN DER VOSSEN
POLITICS, PHILOSOPHY & ECONOMICS 14.3 (2015): 270-290

Abstract: This article asks whether states have a right to close their borders because of their right to self-determination, as proposed recently by Christopher Wellman, Michael Walzer, and others. It asks the fundamental question whether self-determination can, in even its most unrestricted form, support the exclusion of immigrants. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Philosophy

Markets without Symbolic Limits

JASON BRENNAN AND PETER MARTIN JAWORSKI
ETHICS 125.4 (2015): 1053-1077

Abstract: Semiotic objections to commodification hold that buying and selling certain goods and services is wrong because of what market exchange communicates or because it violates the meaning of certain goods, services, and relationships. We argue that such objections fail. The meaning of markets and of money is a contingent, socially constructed fact. Cultures often impute meaning to markets in harmful, socially destructive, or costly ways. Rather than semiotic objections giving us reason to judge certain markets as immoral, the usefulness of certain markets gives us reason to judge certain semiotic codes as immoral.

Filed under: Philosophy

Republican Civic Virtue, Enlightened Self-interest and Tocqueville

JESSICA L. KIMPELL
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF POLITICAL THEORY 14.3 (2015): 345-367

Abstract: Tocqueville’s claim in Democracy in America about the link between associations and a vibrant public sphere is interpreted especially by neo-republicans in political theory as aligned with their argument that civic virtue can and ought to be fostered in today’s democracies. This paper challenges such a reading of Tocqueville by considering his notion of enlightened self-interest. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Political Theory

Summaries Archive

Recent Posts: Liberty Review América Latina

Por Qué es Antidemocrática la Secesión

MIKEL ARTETA REVISTA DE FILOSOFÍA 40.1 (2015): 157-180 Abstract: Trataré de demostrar que la secesión es intrínsecamente antidemocrática. retomaremos los argumentos secesionistas: de aquellos que parten de una idea (errada) de autogobierno y de quienes lo hacen desde el liberalismo. Luego opondremos objeciones a ambos: defendiendo el valor de la igualdad; desmontando reivindicaciones instrumentales de […]

La Tolerancia Liberal en la Obra de John Rawls y de Friedrich A. Hayek

PALOMA DE LA NUEZ ISEGORÍA 51 (2014): 649-670 Abstract: En la discusión actual sobre la tolerancia, la teoría política liberal predominante sigue muy ligada a los argumentos que ya se esgrimieron en el pasado en la discusión sobre la tolerancia religiosa. Como el desarrollo de la misma fue una de las raíces del liberalismo, muchos […]

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