Liberty Review

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Liberty and Compulsory Civil Religion in Rousseau’s Social Contract

CHARLES L. GRISWOLD
JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY 53.2 (2015): 271-300

Abstract: This essay examines Rousseau’s mandatory civil religion as it is set out in the Social Contract, with recent relevant philosophical work as a primary frame of reference. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Philosophy, Political Theory

Red and Blue States of Mind: Partisan Hostility and Voting in the United States

PATRICK R. MILLER, PAMELA JOHNSTON CONOVER
POLITICAL RESEARCH QUARTERLY 68.2 (2015): 225-239

Abstract: Based on social comparison and social identity theory, we argue that average partisans in contemporary U.S. politics view elections as group competitions in which partisan identities are at stake. Using nationally representative survey data, we demonstrate that stronger partisan identities, more than ideological identities or issue preferences, are associated with a greater sense of partisan hostility—specifically, party rivalry and anger. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Politics

The Egalitarian Species

GERALD GAUS
SOCIAL PHILOSOPHY AND POLICY 31.2 (2015): 1-27

In the last two decades immense strides have been made in understanding the evolutionary foundations of morality.  In addition to these advances made in understanding the evolution of the biological bases of altruistic behavior and normative guidance, tremendous progress has been made in modeling cultural evolution, including the evolution of moral norms. The Humean understanding of social and moral norms as adaptive responses to a society’s milieu has gained traction as an important line of research in the social sciences. In many ways a fundamental element of F. A. Hayek’s research program has been vindicated.  Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Philosophy, Politics, Society

Does Immigration Impact Institutions?

J. R. CLARK, ROBERT LAWSON, ALEX NOWRASTEH, BENJAMIN POWELL, RYAN MURPHY
PUBLIC CHOICE 163: 3-4 (2015): 321-335

Abstract: The economics literature generally finds a positive, but small, gain in income to native-born populations from immigrants and potentially large gains in world incomes. But immigrants can also impact a recipient nation’s institutions. A growing empirical literature supports the importance of strong private property rights, a rule of law, and an environment of economic freedom for promoting long-run prosperity. But little is known about how immigration impacts these institutions. This paper empirically examines how immigration impacts a nation’s policies and institutions. We find no evidence of negative and some evidence of positive impacts in institutional quality as a result of immigration.

Filed under: Economics, Politics

Five Laws of Politics

ALFRED G. CUZÁN
PS: POLITICAL SCIENCE & POLITICS 48.3 (2015): 415-419

Abstract: Drawing on more than 500 elections from around the world, this article presents five empirical laws of politics. Four of these laws span democracies and dictatorships, and one sets a boundary between the two. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Politics

Partisan Conflict and Private Investment

MARINA AZZIMONTI
NBER WORKING PAPER NO. 21273 (2015)

Abstract: American politics have been characterized by a high degree of partisan conflict in recent years. Combined with a divided government, this has led not only to significant Congressional gridlock, but also to spells of high fiscal policy uncertainty. The unusually slow recovery from the Great Recession during the same period suggests the possibility that the two phenomena may be related. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Economics, Politics

Summaries Archive

Recent Posts: Liberty Review América Latina

Por Qué es Antidemocrática la Secesión

MIKEL ARTETA REVISTA DE FILOSOFÍA 40.1 (2015): 157-180 Abstract: Trataré de demostrar que la secesión es intrínsecamente antidemocrática. retomaremos los argumentos secesionistas: de aquellos que parten de una idea (errada) de autogobierno y de quienes lo hacen desde el liberalismo. Luego opondremos objeciones a ambos: defendiendo el valor de la igualdad; desmontando reivindicaciones instrumentales de […]

La Tolerancia Liberal en la Obra de John Rawls y de Friedrich A. Hayek

PALOMA DE LA NUEZ ISEGORÍA 51 (2014): 649-670 Abstract: En la discusión actual sobre la tolerancia, la teoría política liberal predominante sigue muy ligada a los argumentos que ya se esgrimieron en el pasado en la discusión sobre la tolerancia religiosa. Como el desarrollo de la misma fue una de las raíces del liberalismo, muchos […]

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